> Analogy: Introduction

> Analogy: Solved Examples

> Analogy: Solved Examples – 2

> Analogy: Solved Examples – 3

Introduction

Analogy means ‘similarity’. When we draw an analogy between two things, we show that both things are similar in some way.

In these questions, we are given two objects which are related to each other by some logic. We need to identify a pair of objects which are related to each other with the same or similar logic. Since objects in both the pairs are related to each other by similar logic, both the pairs are analogous to each other.

Your Turn:

Each of these questions consists of a pair of words bearing a certain relationship. From amongst the given alternatives, pick up the pair that best illustrates a similar relationship.

Practice Exercise 1. Presumption : Certainty

A. Falsehood : Truth

B. Hearsay : Authenticity

C. Theorem : Proof

D. Hunch : Guess

Presumption is a belief that something is true because it is likely, although not certain. Certainty is the state of being definite or having no doubts at all about something.

The similar pair of words is Hearsay and Authenticity. So, B is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 2. Coal : Thermal

A. Power : Energy

B. Bulb : Light

C. Air : Atmosphere

D. Water : Hydel

Coal is used to generate Thermal energy. Similarly, Water is used to generate Hydel energy. So, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 3. Court : Justice

A. Police : Crime

B. Teacher : Study

C. Doctor : Sickness

D. Auditor : Accuracy

Court’s responsibility is to provide justice. The auditor’s responsibility is to ensure financial records of an organization are accurate. So, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 4. Relaxation : Work

A. Play : Cheat

B. Lunch : Dinner

C. Smile : Laugh

D. Fresh : Stale

Both words are opposite in nature. So, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 5. EFG : GIK :: MNO : 

A. OQS

B. OSQ

C. OQR

D. OQT

Analogy - Code Pattern for EFG (Practice Exercise 5)

Similarly,

Analogy - Code Pattern (Practice Exercise 5)

So, A is the correct option.

 

Practice Exercise 6. Traveler : Journey :: Sailor : 

A. Water

B. Ship

C. Voyage

D. Crew

E. Sea

Voyage is a long journey involving travel by sea. So, C is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 7. Smell : Flower :: Taste : 

A. Tongue

B. Water

C. Sweet

D. Food

E. None of these

Smell comes from flower. Similarly, taste comes from food. So, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 8. College : Student :: Hospital : 

A. Doctor

B. Nurse

C. Medicine

D. Patient

E. None of these

Student studies in college. Similarly, a patient is treated in hospital. So, D is the correct option.