Analogy means ‘similarity’. When we draw an analogy between two things, we show that both things are similar in some way.
In these questions, we are given two objects which are related to each other by some logic. We need to identify a pair of objects which are related to each other with the same or similar logic. Since objects in both the pairs are related to each other by similar logic, both the pairs are analogous to each other.
Each of these questions consists of a pair of words bearing a certain relationship. From amongst the given alternatives, pick up the pair that best illustrates a similar relationship.
Practice Exercise 1. Presumption : Certainty
A. Falsehood : Truth
B. Hearsay : Authenticity
C. Theorem : Proof
D. Hunch : Guess
Presumption is a belief that something is true because it is likely, although not certain. Certainty is the state of being definite or having no doubts at all about something.
The similar pair of words is Hearsay and Authenticity. So, B is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 2. Coal : Thermal
A. Power : Energy
B. Bulb : Light
C. Air : Atmosphere
D. Water : Hydel
Practice Exercise 3. Court : Justice
A. Police : Crime
B. Teacher : Study
C. Doctor : Sickness
D. Auditor : Accuracy
Practice Exercise 8. College : Student :: Hospital :
E. None of these