Below in each of the questions are given two statements I and II. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements. 

Mark answer as:

A. Statement I is the cause and Statement II is the effect.

B. Statement II is the cause and Statement I is the effect.

C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

D. Both the statements I and II are the effects of independent causes.

E. Both the statements I and II are effects of a common cause.

Practice Exercise 1:

Statements:

I. This year, the Government has decided to procure foodgrains earlier than the stipulated date.

II. This year, the farmers have decided to sell their crops to private traders.

The farmers have decided to sell their crops to private traders. That is why the government has decided to procure foodgrains earlier than the stipulated date. So, Statement II is the cause and Statement I is the effect. Therefore, B is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 2:

Statements:

I. Many people visited the religious place during the weekend.

II. Few people visited the religious place during the weekdays.

Both statements are the effects of independent causes. So, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 3:

Statements:

I. There was a huge crowd of buyers at various shopping outlets in the city.

II. Price of most of the commodities has gone up substantially in the recent past.

Both the statements are not related to each other and are the effects of independent causes. So, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 4:

Statements:

I. The worldwide recession has created uncertainty in the job market.

II. Many people are opting for change from private sector to public sector.

The public-sector jobs are considered more secure than private-sector jobs. So, Statement I is the cause and Statement II is the effect. Therefore, A is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 5:

Statements:

I. The road traffic between the two towns in the state has been disrupted since last week.

II. The rail traffic between the two towns in the state has been disrupted since last week.

Both the statements are likely to be the effects of some common cause. So, E is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 6:

Statements:

I. Government has decided to distribute part of the foodgrain stock through the Public Distribution System to people below the poverty line.

II. There has been bumper Kharif crop for the last two seasons.

The excess production of Kharif crop has led the government to distribute a part of it to the people below the poverty line. So, Statement II is the cause and Statement I is the effect. Therefore, B is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 7:

Statements:

I. The staff of airport authorities called off the strike they were observing in protest against privatization.

II. The staff of airport authorities went on strike anticipating a threat to their jobs.

Both statements are the effects of independent causes. So, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 8:

Statements:

I. The life today is too fast, demanding all full of variety in all aspects which at times leads to a stressful situation.​

II. The number of suicide cases among teenagers is on increase.

Increase in the number of suicide cases among teenagers is the result of them not being able to bear with stressful situations. So, Statement I is the cause and Statement II is the effect. Therefore, A is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 9:

Statements:

I. There is an increase in the water level of all water tanks supplying drinking water to the city during the last fortnight.

II. Most of the trains were canceled last week due to waterlogging on the tracks.

Increase in the water level of water tanks and waterlogging on the tracks must be due to heavy rain in the area. So, both the statements are the effects of a common cause. So, E is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 10:

Statements:

I. Majority of the students in the college expressed their opinion against the college authority’s decision to break away from the university and become autonomous.

II. The university authority has expressed its inability to provide grants to its constituent colleges.

Both statements are independent causes. So, C is the correct option.