Practice Exercise 1: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Each of the six buildings – E, F, G, H, I, and J have different number of floors. Only three buildings have more floors than J. G has more number of floors than I but less than E. I has more number of floors than J. F does not have the least number of floors. The building having the least number of floors has 5 floors. The building having the third-highest number of floors has 26 floors. F has 14 floors less than the number of floors in I.

1. If the number of floors of building G is less than 38 and is an odd number which is divisible by 3 but not 7, then how many floors does G possibly have?

A. 15

B. 35

C. 9

D. 27

E. 29

2. Which of the following buildings has the second-highest number of floors?

A. I

B. F

C. J

D. H

E. G

3. How many floors does building J possibly have?

A. 22

B. 5

C. 11

D. 35

E. 12

> Only three buildings have more floors than J. G has more number of floors than I but less than E. I has more number of floors than J.

Number of floors: E > G > I > J

> F does not have the least number of floors.

Number of floors: E > G > I > J > F > H

> The building having the least number of floors has 5 floors. The building having the third-highest number of floors has 26 floors. F has 14 floors less than the number of floors in I.

Number of floors: E > G > I (26) > J > F (12) > H (5)

Now let’s answer the questions:

1. The number of floors of building G would be more than 26. Since it is given that the number of floors is less than 38 and is an odd number divisible by 3 but not 7, G can possibly have 27 floors. So, D is the correct option.

2. G has the second-highest number of floors. So, E is the correct option.

3. J would have more than 12 and less than 26 floors. Therefore, it can possibly have 22 floors. So, A is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 2: At a village mela, the following six plays are scheduled as shown in table below.

Practice Exercise 2 Question Table SE14

You wish to see all the six plays. Further, you wish to ensure that you get a lunch break from 12:30 pm to 1:30 pm. Which of the following ways you can do this?

A. Sati-Savitri is viewed first; Sundar Kand is viewed third and Jhansi ki Rani is viewed last

B. Sati-Savitri is viewed last; Veer Abhimanyu is viewed third and Reshma aur Shera is viewed first

C. Sati-Savitri is viewed first; Sundar Kand is viewed third and Joru ka Ghulam is viewed fourth

D. Veer Abhimanyu is viewed third; Reshma aur Shera is viewed fourth and Jhansi ki Rani is viewed fifth

If we watch ‘Sundar Kand’ from 10:00 am to 10:30 am, then we will have to watch ‘Joru ka Ghulam’ from 10:30 am to 11:30 am. This way we will miss the play ‘Veer Abhimanyu’ which starts at 11:00 am.

So, we should watch ‘Sundar Kand’ from 11:00 am to 11:30 am. This way we can watch ‘Sati-Savitri’ from 9:00 am to 10:00 am, ‘Veer Abhimanyu’ from 10:00 am to 11:00 am, and ‘Joru ka Ghulam’ from 11:30 am to 12:30 pm.

> After that, we have a lunch break from 12:30 pm to 1:30 pm. Then we would watch ‘Jhansi ki Rani’ from 1:30 pm to 2:00 pm, and ‘Reshma aur Shera’ from 2:00 pm to 3:00 pm.

Practice Exercise 2 Table SE14

Therefore, Sati-Savitri is viewed first; Sundar Kand is viewed third, and Joru ka Ghulam is viewed fourth. So, C is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 3: Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.

Seven people namely B, C, D, E, F, G, and H have to attend a workshop but not necessarily in the same order, in seven different months of the same year namely January, March, April, July, August, September, and December. Each of them also likes a different company namely HTC, Nokia, Samsung, Blackberry, TCS, Infosys, and Godrej but not necessarily in the same order.

The one who likes TCS will attend a workshop in the month which has less than 31 days. Only one person will attend a workshop between the one who likes TCS and B. The one who likes HTC will attend a workshop immediately before B. Only three people will attend a workshop between the one who likes TCS and the one who likes Nokia. H will attend a workshop immediately after B. Only three people will attend a workshop between H and G. The one who likes Infosys will attend a workshop immediately before G. The one who likes Samsung will attend a workshop immediately before the one who likes Godrej. E will attend a workshop immediately after the one who likes Godrej. C will attend a workshop in a month which has only 30 days. F does not like HTC.

1. How many people will attend a workshop between the months in which G and D will attend the workshop?

A. Two

B. Three

C. None

D. More than three

E. One

2. As per the given arrangement, G is related to HTC and B is related to Nokia following a certain pattern. Which of the following is D related to following the same pattern?

A. Samsung

B. Infosys

C. TCS

D. HTC

E. Godrej

3. Which of the following represents the month in which F will attend a workshop?

A. March

B. January

C. December

D. April

E. Cannot be determined

4. Which of the following represents the people who will attend a workshop in March and December respectively?

A. G, H

B. F, B

C. F, E

D. F, H

E. G, E

5. Which of the following companies does G like?

A. Samsung

B. HTC

C. TCS

D. Nokia

E. Blackberry

> The one who likes TCS will attend a workshop in the month which has less than 31 days.

There are two possibilities:

Practice Exercise 3 Table (Part - 1) SE14

> Only one person will attend a workshop between the one who likes TCS and B. The one who likes HTC will attend a workshop immediately before B. Only three people will attend a workshop between the one who likes TCS and the one who likes Nokia. H will attend a workshop immediately after B. Only three people will attend a workshop between H and G.

Practice Exercise 3 Table (Part - 2) SE14

> The one who likes Infosys will attend a workshop immediately before G. The one who likes Samsung will attend a workshop immediately before the one who likes Godrej. E will attend a workshop immediately after the one who likes Godrej. C will attend a workshop in a month which has only 30 days. F does not like HTC.

This is possible only in Case 1.

Practice Exercise 3 Table (Part - 3) SE14

1. Only C attends a workshop between the months in which G and D attend the workshop. So, E is the correct option.

2. Following the given pattern, D is related to Godrej. So, E is the correct option.

3. F attends the workshop in January. So, B is the correct option.

4. G attends the workshop in March and E attends the workshop in December. so, E is the correct option.

5. G like Blackberry. So, E is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 4: The question below is followed by two statements (a) and (b).

Choose 1. If the question can be answered by using statement (a) alone but not by using (b) alone.

Choose 2. If the question can be answered by using statement (b) alone but not by using (a) alone.

Choose 3. If the question can be answered by using either statement alone.

Choose 4. If the question can be answered by using both the statements together but not by either statement.

In a cricket match, the ‘man of the match’ award is given to the player scoring the highest number of runs. In case of a tie, the player (out of those locked in the tie) who has taken the higher number of catches is chosen. Even thereafter if there is a tie, the player (out of those locked in the tie) who has dropped fewer catches is selected. Aakash, Biplab, and Chirag, who were contenders for the award dropped at least one catch each. Biplab dropped 2 catches more than Aakash did, scored 50, and took 2 catches. Chirag got two chances to catch and dropped both. Who was the ‘man of the match’?

(a) Chirag made 15 runs less than both Aakash and Biplab.

(b) The catches dropped by Biplab are 1 more than the catches taken by Aakash.

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

Biplab dropped 2 catches more than Aakash did, scored 50, and took 2 catches. Chirag got two chances to catch and dropped both.

Practice Exercise 4 Table (Part - 1) SE14

Statement (a): Chirag made 15 runs less than both Aakash and Biplab.

This implies both Aakash and Biplab scored 50 runs. Since we do not know the number of catches taken by Aakash, we can’t decide who among them gets the ‘man of the match’ award.

Statement (b): The catches dropped by Biplab are 1 more than the catches taken by Aakash.

We do not know the number of runs scored by Aakash and Chirag.

Therefore, we cannot answer the question by using either statement alone. Let’s use both the statements together.

Practice Exercise 4 Table (Part - 2) SE14

We can see that both Aakash and Biplab scored the highest number of runs, but Aakash took at least 2 catches and dropped fewer catches than Biplab. So, Aakash gets the ‘man of the match’ award.

Therefore, the given question can be answered by using both the statements together but not by either statement. So, D is the correct option. 

Practice Exercise 5: Answer the following questions based on the statements given below.

Four families decided to attend the marriage ceremony of one of their colleagues. One family has no kids, while the others have at least one kid each. Each family with kids has at least one kid attending the marriage. Given below is some information about the families and who reached when to attend the marriage.

> The family with 2 kids came just before the family with no kids.

> Shanthi who does not have any kids reached just before Sridevi’s family.

> Sunil and his wife reached last with their only kid.

> Anil is not the husband of Joya.

> Anil and Raj are fathers.

> Sridevi’s and Anita’s daughters go to the same school.

> Joya came before Shanthi and met Anita when she reached the venue.

> Raman stays the farthest from the venue.

> Raj said his son could not come because of his exams.

1. Which woman arrived third?

A. Shanthi

B. Sridevi

C. Anita

D. Joya

2. Name the correct pair of husband and wife?

A. Raj and Shanthi

B. Sunil and Sridevi

C. Anil and Sridevi

D. Raj and Anita

3. Of the following pairs, whose daughters go to the same school?

A. Anil and Raman

B. Sunil and Raman

C. Sunil and Anil

D. Raj and Anil

4. Whose family is known to have more than one kid for certain?

A. Raman’s

B. Raj’s

C. Anil’s

D. Sunil’s

> Sunil and his wife reached last with their only kid.

Practice Exercise 5 Table (Part - 1) SE14

> Shanthi who does not have any kids reached just before Sridevi’s family.

> Joya came before Shanthi and met Anita when she reached the venue.

This implies Anita came first, then Joya, then Shanthi, and then Sridevi at last.

> The family with 2 kids came just before the family with no kids.

This implies Joya has 2 kids.

Practice Exercise 5 Table (Part - 2) SE14

> Anil is not the husband of Joya.

> Anil and Raj are fathers.

This implies Anil is the husband of Anita and Raj is the husband of Joya.

> Raman stays the farthest from the venue.

Raman must be the husband of Shanthi.

> Sridevi’s and Anita’s daughters go to the same school.

This implies Sridevi’s only kid is a daughter and Anita has at least 1 daughter.

Practice Exercise 5 Table (Part - 3) SE14Now let’s answer the questions:

1. Shanthi arrived third. So, A is the correct option.

2. Among the given options, Sunil and Sridevi is the correct pair of husband and wife. So, B is the correct option.

3. We know that Sridevi’s and Anita’s daughters go to the same school. Sunil is the husband of Sridevi and Anil is the husband of Anita. So, C is the correct option.

​4. Raj’s family has 2 kids for certain. So, B is the correct option.