In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Mark answer as:
A. If only assumption I is implicit
B.If only assumption II is implicit
C. If either I or II is implicit
D. If neither I nor II is implicit
E. If both I and II are implicit
Practice Exercise 1:
Statement: Safety and health practices in many Indian companies are well below international standards.
I. International standards of health and safety are ideal and unrealistic.
II. Indian organizations do not consider safety and health management as their prime social responsibility.
The statement talks about the safety and health practices in Indian companies being well below international standards. It is clearly a criticism of Indian organizations not paying considerable attention to these aspects. So, the second assumption is implicit. Therefore, B is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 2:
Statement: “Please submit your fee well before 5th October”, a notice at coaching institution.
I. Unless they are instructed through a notice, a number of students will not submit their fee.
II. The institute will be closed after 5th October.
An institute would issue such notice only if it feels many students won’t submit the fee unless they are instructed through it. So, the first assumption is implicit. The second assumption is irrelevant. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 3:
Statement: You know that your suit is excellent when people ask about your tailor who tailored the suit.
I. People do not ask about your tailor if your suit is not good.
II. The people want to know the criterion of an excellent suit.
The statement assumes that people do not ask about the tailor if the suit is not good. So, the first assumption is implicit. The statement is not about the criterion of an excellent suit. So, the second assumption is not valid. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 4:
Statement: If you have the desire to excel, we have a job for you.
I. If you don’t have the desire to excel, you won’t get a job with us.
II. Every job requires the desire to excel.
Practice Exercise 5:
Statement: “If you trouble me, I will slap you.” – A mother warns her child.
I. With the warning, the child may stop troubling her.
II. All children are basically naughty.
The mother warns her child with the expectation that the child might stop troubling her. So, the first assumption is implicit. The second assumption is irrelevant. So, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 6:
Statement: It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so.
I. At that age, the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children after 6 years of age.
Practice Exercise 7:
Statement: The concession in rail fares for the journey to hill stations has been canceled because it is not needed for people who can spend their holidays there.
I. Railway should give concession only to needy persons.
II. Railway should not encourage people to spend their holidays at hill stations.
Clearly, the step is taken because the railway feels that the concession in rail fares should only be given to needy people and the people who can afford to spend their holidays at the hill station don’t need it. So, the first assumption is implicit. The second assumption is not valid. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 8:
Statement: All the students of a school were instructed by the principal to reach school at least 15 minutes before the stipulated time for the coming month.
I. The parents of the students of the school may protest against the principal’s instruction.
II. The parents may request the principal to withdraw the instruction.
Practice Exercise 9:
Statement: “Do not lean out of the door of the bus” – A warning in a school bus.
I. Leaning out of a running bus is dangerous.
II. Children do not pay any heed to such warnings.
Leaning out of a running bus must be dangerous, otherwise, the warning would not have been there. So, the first assumption is implicit. If the authorities would have assumed that children do not pay any heed to such warning, they would not have put it there. So, the second assumption is not valid. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 10:
Statement: Detergents should be used to clean clothes.
I. Detergents form more lather.
II. Detergents help to dislodge grease and dirt.
Nothing is mentioned about lather formation by the detergent. So, the first assumption is implicit. Also, detergents should be used as they clean clothes better and more easily. So, the second assumption is implicit. Therefore, B is the correct option.