In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Mark answer as:
A. If only assumption I is implicit
B.If only assumption II is implicit
C. If either I or II is implicit
D. If neither I nor II is implicit
E. If both I and II are implicit
Practice Exercise 1:
Statement: “Cigarette smoking is injurious to health” – Warning.
I. Non-smoking promotes health.
II. Really, this warning is not necessary.
Practice Exercise 2:
Statement: “The function will start at 3:00 pm. You are requested to take your seats before 3:00 pm.
I. If the invitee is not in his seat before 3:00 pm, the function will not start.
II. The function will start as scheduled.
The request is made with the assumption that the invitees will abide by it and take their seat before 3:00 pm which is the time at which function will start. So, only the second assumption is implicit. Therefore, B is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 3:
Statement: A sentence in the letter to the candidates called for written exams – “You have to bear your expenses on travel etc.”
I. If not clarified, all the candidates may claim reimbursement of expenses.
II. Many organizations reimburse expenses on travel to candidates called for the written examination.
Practice Exercise 4:
Statement: “You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period for one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation” – A line in an appointment letter.
I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
II. Generally, an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.
The statement mentions that the performance of the candidate will be reviewed at the end of the probation period. So, the first assumption is implicit. The probation period is kept so that the candidate has enough time to prove his worth to the company. So, the second assumption is also implicit. Therefore, E is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 5:
Statement: If degrees are delinked with jobs, students will think thrice before joining college.
I. Students will join college education for getting jobs.
II. A degree is of no use for getting a job.
Practice Exercise 6:
Statement: Apart from the entertainment value of television, its educational value cannot be ignored.
I. People take television to be a means of entertainment only.
II. The educational value of television is not realized properly.
The statement insists that the educational value of the television should not be ignored in the light of its entertainment value. So, both assumptions are implicit. Therefore, E is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 7:
Statement: Please do not use lift while going down – An instruction on the top floor of a five-storey building.
I. While going down, the lift is unable to carry any load.
II. Provision of lift is a matter of facility and not of right.
The statement requests people not to use the lift while going down. The purpose of this request is that the lift should be used to move up, which would otherwise require much more physical effort than going down the stairs. So, only the second assumption is implicit. Therefore, B is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 8:
Statement: The next meeting of the Board of the institute will be held after 1 year.
I. The institute will remain in function after 1 year.
II. The board will be dissolved after 1 year.
Clearly, the institute will remain in function after 1 year as it is given that governing board meeting will be held after 1 year. However, there are no reasons to say that the board will be dissolved after 1 year. So, only the first assumption is implicit. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 9:
Statement: Postal rates have been increased to meet the deficit.
I. The present rates are very low.
II. If the rates are not increased, the deficit cannot be met.
We can’t say whether the present rates are low or high, and if increasing the rates is the only way to meet the deficit. So, neither of the assumptions is implicit. Therefore, D is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 10:
Statement: “For easier and faster communication use our broadcast connections” – An advertisement.
I. Many people are looking for the best communication facilities.
II. Broadband connections are the preferred mode of communication.