In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Mark answer as:
A. If only assumption I is implicit
B.If only assumption II is implicit
C. If either I or II is implicit
D. If neither I nor II is implicit
E. If both I and II are implicit
Practice Exercise 1:
Statement: Everybody loves reading adventure stories.
I. Adventure stories are the only reading material.
II. Nobody loves reading any other material.
Practice Exercise 2:
Statement: Buy pure and natural pearls of the company ‘X’ – an advertisement.
I. Artificial pearls can be prepared.
II. People do not mind paying more for pure and natural pearls.
The advertisement asks people to buy pure and natural pearls of company X. The use of the word ‘natural’ indicates that the artificial pearls can be prepared. So, the first assumption is implicit. It is not mentioned in the advertisement whether the price of pure and natural pearls is more or less in comparison to that artificial pearls. So, the second assumption is not implicit. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 3:
Statement: “Use our product to improve memory of your child, it is based on natural herbs and has no harmful side effects” – Advertisement of a pharmaceutical company.
I. People generally opt for a medical product that is useful and has no harmful side effects.
II. Improving the memory of the child is considered as important by many parents.
Practice Exercise 4:
Statement: The college administration has instructed all the students to stop using cell phones within the college premises.
I. The students may stop using cell phones in the college premises.
II. The students may continue to use cell phones in the college premises.
Practice Exercise 5:
Statement: Use ‘Kraft’ colors. They add color to your life. – An advertisement.
I. Catchy slogans do not attract people.
II. People like dark colors.
Practice Exercise 6:
Statement: Dereliction of duty and indiscipline have come to stay in this organization.
I. An organization is what the employees are.
II. Employees are expected to do their duty.
Practice Exercise 7:
Statement: Like a mad man, I decided to follow him.
I. I am not a mad man.
II. I am a mad man.
Practice Exercise 8:
Statement: All existing inequalities can be reduced, if not utterly eradicated, by the action of governments or by the revolutionary change of government.
I. Inequality is a man-made phenomenon.
II. No person would voluntarily part with what he possesses.
The statement is in the context of social inequality which is a man-made phenomenon. So, the first assumption is implicit. The second assumption is irrelevant to the statement. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 9:
Statement: Beware of dogs, our dogs do not bark, but they are trained to distinguish between genuine guests and intruders.
I. Barking dogs bark rarely.
II. Our dogs could be dangerous for intruders.
Practice Exercise 10:
Statement: “Please note that the company will provide accommodation to only outside candidates if selected.” – A condition in an advertisement.
I. The local candidates would be having some other arrangement for their stay.
II. The company plans to select only local candidates.
The company assumes that the local candidates would be already having some other arrangement for their stay. Therefore, it should provide accommodation to outside candidates only. So, the first assumption is implicit. The second assumption is not valid. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 11:
Statement: The first step in treating addicts is to re-establish their lost ties, for which continuous personal attention should be paid to the addicts under treatment.
I. Addicts under treatment respond better when shown personal interest.
II. Addiction and strained relationships are intimately connected.
The statement assumes strained relationships to be one of the most important reasons for addiction. That is why the statement emphasis on re-establishing the lost ties of the patients with continuous personal attention. So, both assumptions are implicit. Therefore, E is the correct option.