In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Mark answer as:
A. If only assumption I is implicit
B.If only assumption II is implicit
C. If either I or II is implicit
D. If neither I nor II is implicit
E. If both I and II are implicit
Practice Exercise 1:
Statement: “You must refer to learn from the dictionary if you want to become a good writer” – A advises B.
I. Only writers refer to the dictionary.
II. All writers, good or bad, refer to the dictionary.
Practice Exercise 2:
Statement: “See it first only on our channel”, an advertisement of a news channel.
I. Advertising is the first and most important thing for every channel.
II. Other news channels do not want to show things first.
Practice Exercise 3:
Statement: Lack of stimulation in the first four or five years of life can have adverse consequences.
I. A great part of the development of observed intelligence occurs in the earliest years of life.
II. 50% of the measurable intelligence at 17 is predictable by four.
Practice Exercise 4:
Statement: Cases of food poisoning due to consumption of liquor are increasing in rural areas.
I. Percentage of people consuming liquor is more in rural areas.
II. There are many unauthorized spurious liquor shops in rural areas.
The statement mentions the increasing number of cases of food poisoning due to consumption of liquor not the number of people consuming liquor. So, the first assumption is not implicit. The second assumption is implicit since the statement states that people are getting food poisoning due to the consumption of spurious liquor. Therefore, B is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 5:
Statement: If you want to get a good job, you must have at least the basic knowledge of computers.
I. All good jobs involve the use of computers.
II. Computer knowledge has been made an essential criterion by most of the companies now a days.
The first assumption is not implicit because of the word ‘All’. The second assumption is implicit. It is this what makes the speaker say “You must have at least the basic knowledge of the computers”. So, B is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 6:
Statement: The government has decided to provide monetary relief to the farmers in the drought-hit areas.
I. The farmers of the affected area may accept government relief.
II. The government machinery may be able to reach the affected farmers to provide relief.
Practice Exercise 7:
Statement: The coffee powder of company X is quite better than the much advertised coffee of company Y.
I. If your product is not good, you spend more on the advertisement.
II. Some people are tempted to buy a product by the advertisement.
The statement does not imply that company Y’s coffee powder is not good. It just states that company X’s coffee powder is better than that of company Y’s. So, the first assumption is not implicit.
The second assumption is implicit. Some people are tempted to buy a product by the advertisement, that is why the company’s X coffee powder is not popular than that of much-advertised company Y’s. Therefore, B is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 8:
Statement: His recent investment in the shares of Company A is only a gamble.
I. He may incur a loss on his investment.
II. He may gain from his investment.
Practice Exercise 9:
Statement: “This drink can be had either as it is, or after adding ice to it.” – an advertisement.
I. People differ in their preferences.
II. Some people will get attracted to the drink as it can be had as it is.
The advertisement is based on the assumption that people like to have a drink in different ways. Some like to have a drink as it is, and some like to have it with ice. So, both assumptions are implicit. Therefore, E is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 10:
Statement: Movies have become indispensable for the entertainment of people.
I. Movies are the only media of entertainment.
II. People enjoy movies.