In each of the following questions, a statement is followed by two conclusions. You have to take the given statement to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. Based on the information provided in the statement, decide which of the given conclusions logically follow beyond a reasonable doubt.

Mark answer as:

A. If only conclusion I follows

B. If only conclusion II follows

C. If either I or II follows

D. If neither I nor II follows

E. If both I and II follow

Practice Exercise 1:

Statement: A bird in hand is worth two in the bush.

Conclusions:

I. We should be content with what we have.

II. We should not crave for what is not.

Both the conclusions together express the meaning of the proverb. So, E is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 2:

Statement: Domestic demand has been increasing faster than the production of indigenous crude oil.

Conclusions:

I. Crude oil must be imported.

II. Domestic demand should be reduced.

Since the domestic demand for crude oil has been increasing faster than the production, either the crude must be imported or the domestic demand should be reduced. So, either of the conclusions follows. Therefore, C is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 3:

Statement: People who speak too much against dowry are those who had taken it themselves.

Conclusions:

I. It is easier said than done.

II. People have double standards.

The statement clearly implies that it is easier to say than to do something and what people say is different from what they do. So, both the conclusions follow. Therefore, E is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 4:

Statement: The national norm is 100 beds per thousand populations but in this state, 150 beds per 1000 are available in the hospital.

Conclusions:

I. Our national norm is appropriate.

II. The state’s health system is taking adequate care in this regard.

From the statement, we can’t conclude whether the national norm is appropriate or not, but we can conclude that the state’s health system is taking adequate care in this regard. So, the second conclusion follows. Therefore, B is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 5:

Statement: Parents are prepared to pay any price for elite education to their children.

Conclusions:

I. All parents these days are very well off.

II. Parents have an obsessive passion for the perfect development of their children through good schooling.

Just because parents are prepared to pay any price for elite education to their children does not mean that all of them are very well off. But it does imply that parents have an obsessive passion for the perfect development of their children through good schooling. So, only the second conclusion follows. Therefore, B is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 6:

Statement: Without abundant rains, there will be a decline in the water level beneath the earth. This year, the rains were deficient.

Conclusions:

I. The water level must have declined.

II. Millions of people were in trouble because of shortage of water.

The statement does not mention the time it takes for the water level to decline when the rain is not abundant.

This year, the rains were deficient. We can’t say whether the water level has already declined or it will decline later. So, the first conclusion does not follow. Also, the statement does not mention about the trouble people have to face when the rain is deficient. So, the second conclusion does not follow as well. Therefore, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 7:

Statement: Due to the onset of monsoon there is a sharp hike in the price of mangoes.

Conclusions:

I. Mangoes are in demand at any price.

II. The onset of monsoon affects the market for mangoes.

Only the second conclusion follows. The onset of monsoon affects the market for mangoes, that is why there is a hike in the price of mangoes. Therefore, B is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 8:

Statement: He stressed the need to stop the present examination system and its replacements by other methods which would measure the real merit of the students.

Conclusions:

I. Examinations should be abolished.

II. The present examination system does not measure the real merit of the students.

The statement stresses to adopt a new method of examination that measures the real merit of the students because the present examination system is not good enough to do so. So, only the second conclusion follows. Therefore, B is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 9:

Statement: Money plays a vital role in politics.

Conclusions:

I. The poor can never become politicians.

II. All the rich men take part in politics.

The statement does not talk about the participation of the poor and the rich in politics. It only talks about the role of money in politics. So, neither of the conclusions follow. Therefore, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 10:

Statement: The constitutional amendment carried out just last month prohibits the employment of child labor in any organization.

Conclusions:

I. The employees must abide by this amendment in the constitution.

II. Children below 14 years of age will now be engaged in acquiring education.

Only the first conclusion follows. The statement does not mention if there provision of education for children below 14 years of age in the amendment. So, the second conclusion does not follow. Therefore, A is the correct option.