In each of the following questions, a statement is followed by two conclusions. You have to take the given statement to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. Based on the information provided in the statement, decide which of the given conclusions logically follow beyond a reasonable doubt.
Mark answer as:
A. If only conclusion I follows
B. If only conclusion II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows
E. If both I and II follow
Practice Exercise 1:
Statement: All students of my class have a bright chance in their examination.
I. I teach them the whole syllabus thoroughly.
II. All the students are intelligent.
From the statement, we can’t conclude if the speaker teaches the whole syllabus thoroughly or not. Also, the statement does not mention if all the students are intelligent. So, neither of the conclusions follows. Therefore, D is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 2:
Statement: Our security investments carry market risk. Consult your investment advisor or agent before investing.
I. One should not invest in securities.
II. The investment advisor calculates the market risk with certainty.
Investments in security carry market risk. This does not mean that one should not invest in securities. So, the first conclusion does not follow. The statement says that one should consult an investment advisor before investing. So, the second conclusion follows. Therefore, B is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 3:
Statement: Fashion is a form of ugliness so intolerable that we have to alter it every six months.
I. Fashion designers do not understand the public mind very well.
II. The public, by and large, is highly susceptible to novelty.
Practice Exercise 4:
Statement: Reputed management institutes focus on both quality and advertisement.
I. There are only two important factors for a reputed management institute: quality and advertising.
II. Small management institutes focus on only one of quality and advertising.
Apart from quality and advertising, there could be more factors to focus on for the reputed management institutes. Also, the statement does not mention the factors on which small management institutes focus. So, neither of the conclusions follows. Therefore, D is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 5:
Statement: The eligibility for admission to the course is minimum second class Master’s degree. However, the candidates who have appeared for the final year examination of the Master’s degree can also apply.
I. All candidates who have yet to get their Master’s degree will be there in the list of selected candidates.
II. All candidates who have obtained second class Master’s degree will be there in the list of selected candidates.
The statement mentions the eligibility criteria for admission to the course. It does not assure that all the candidates who fulfill the eligibility criteria would be selected. So, neither of the conclusions follows. Therefore, D is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 6:
Statement: Any student who does not behave properly while in the school brings a bad name to himself and also for the school.
I. Such students should be removed from the school.
II. Stricter discipline does not improve the behavior of the students.
Practice Exercise 7:
Statement: Protinex is beneficial for a muscular body.
I. All athletes take protinex.
II. We should take protinex for a muscular body.
Practice Exercise 8:
Statement: The serious accident in which a person was run down by a car yesterday had again focussed attention on the most unsatisfactory state of roads.
I. The accident that occurred was fatal.
II. Several accidents have so far taken place because of the unsatisfactory state of roads.
Since the accident has caused concern, it must be fatal. The use of the word ‘again’ justifies the fact mentioned in the second conclusion. So, both the conclusions follow. Therefore, E is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 9:
Statement: In the recent survey report, it has been stated that those who undertake the physical exercise for at least half an hour a day are less prone to have any heart ailments.
I. Moderate level of physical exercise is necessary for leading a healthy life.
II. All people who do desk-bound jobs definitely suffer from heart ailments.
The statement implies that physical exercise is necessary to live a healthy life. However, it does not mention anything about the health of the people who do desk-bound jobs. So, only the first conclusion follows. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 10:
Statement: The majority of Indian laborers belong to the unorganized sector, and most of them earn very low and have an uncertain income.
I. The laborers belonging to the organized sector have better benefits and stability.
II. Some laborers belonging to the unorganized sector have a regular and certain income.
The statement does imply that some laborers belong to the organized sector, but it does not imply that these laborers have better benefits and stability. So, the first conclusion does not follow.
Since most of the laborers who belong to the unorganized sector earn very low and have uncertain income, this means that some of them have a regular and certain income. So, the second conclusion follows. Therefore, B is the correct option.