In each of the following questions, a statement is followed by two conclusions. You have to take the given statement to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. Based on the information provided in the statement, decide which of the given conclusions logically follow beyond a reasonable doubt.
Mark answer as:
A. If only conclusion I follows
B. If only conclusion II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows
E. If both I and II follow
Practice Exercise 1:
Statement: Fortune favors the brave
I. Risks are necessary for success.
II. Cowards die many times before their death.
The proverb means a successful person is often one who is willing to take risks. So, the first conclusion follows. The second conclusion is not related to the statement. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 2:
Statement: A Corporate General Manager asked four managers to either submit their resignations by the next day or face termination orders from service. Three of them had submitted their resignations by that evening.
I. The next day, the remaining manager would also resign.
II. The General Manager would terminate his services the next day.
It is mentioned in the statement that either the managers should resign by the next day or their services would be terminated. So, either of the conclusions follows. Therefore, C is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 3:
Statement: The world is neither good nor evil, each man manufactures a world for himself.
I. Some people find this world quite good.
II. Some people find this world quite bad.
The statement mentions that the world for a man is as he makes it himself. So, some people might find it good and some quite bad. So, both the conclusions follow. Therefore, E is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 4:
Statement: Only good singers are invited to the conference. No one without a sweet voice is a good singer.
I. All invited singers in the conference have a good voice.
II. Those singers who do not have a sweet voice are not invited to the conference.
The statement implies that a good singer must have a sweet voice. Since only good singers are invited to the conference, all the invited singers in the conference have a sweet voice. So, both the conclusions follow. Therefore, E is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 5:
Statement: In deserts, camels are indispensable for people to travel from one place to another.
I. Camels are the only cheapest mode of transport available in deserts.
II. There are plenty of camels in deserts.
The statement states that camels are necessary in deserts for people to move from one place to another. It does not state whether they are a cheap mode of transport or there are plenty of camels in deserts. So, neither of the conclusions follow. Therefore, D is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 6:
Statement: We should inform all our officers not to read newspapers during office hours – Chief manager tells Chief Administrator.
I. Reading newspapers during office hours is desirable.
II. Office efficiency will not increase by stopping this.
Practice Exercise 7:
Statement: The cabinet of State X took certain steps to tackle the milk glut in the state as the cooperative and government diaries failed to use the available milk. – A news report.
I. The milk production of State X is more than its need.
II. The government and cooperative diaries in State X are not equipped in terms of resources and technology to handle such excess milk.
The term ‘milk glut’ implies that the milk production of State X is more than its need. So, the first conclusion follows. Since the government and the cooperative diaries failed to use the available milk, it implies that they lack the resources and technology to handle such large quantities of milk. So the second conclusion follows as well. Therefore, E is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 8:
Statement: Video libraries are flourishing very much these days.
I. People in general have a video craze.
II. It is much cheaper to see as many movies as one likes on videos rather than going to the cinema hall.
Practice Exercise 9:
Statement: The secret of success is the constancy of purpose.
I. Constant dripping wears the stone.
II. Single-minded devotion is necessary for achieving success.
Practice Exercise 10:
Statement: To cultivate an interest in reading, the school has made it compulsory from June this year for each student to read two books per week and submit a weekly report on the books.
I. Interest in reading can be crafted by force.
II. Some students will eventually develop an interest in reading.