In each of the following questions, a statement is followed by two conclusions. You have to take the given statement to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. Based on the information provided in the statement, decide which of the given conclusions logically follow beyond a reasonable doubt.
Mark answer as:
A. If only conclusion I follows
B. If only conclusion II follows
C. If either I or II follows
D. If neither I nor II follows
E. If both I and II follow
Practice Exercise 1:
Statement: A man must be wise to be a good wrangler. Good wranglers are talkative and boring.
I. All wise persons are boring.
II. All the wise persons are good wranglers.
The statement implies that only wise men can be good wranglers. That does not mean that all wise men are good wranglers. So, neither of the conclusions follows. Therefore, D is the correct option.
Consider another example: “Only a doctor can perform a surgery”. This statement does not imply that all doctors can perform surgery.
Practice Exercise 2:
Statement: Morning walks are good for health.
I. All healthy people go for morning walks.
II. Evening walks are harmful.
Practice Exercise 3:
Statement: Songs always have singers to sing them.
I. Singers make a song.
II. There is no unsung song.
Practice Exercise 4:
Statement: The best way to escape from a problem is to solve it.
I. Your life will be dull if you don’t face a problem.
II. To escape from problems, you should always have some solution with you.
Practice Exercise 5:
Statement: The persons who were on the waiting list could finally get berth reservation in Rajdhani Express.
I. Waitlisted passengers generally find it difficult to get berth reservation in Rajdhani Express.
II. The number of berths available in Rajdhani Express is small.
The use of the word ‘could’ implies a difficulty in obtaining the reservation for the waitlisted passengers. So, the first conclusion follows. We cannot draw any conclusion about the number of berths available in Rajdhani Express. So the second conclusion does not follow. Therefore, A is the correct option.
Practice Exercise 6:
Statement: Laughter is the best medicine.
I. All medicines that make you laugh are good.
II. Laughter is good for health.
Practice Exercise 7:
Statement: An advertisement in the newspaper – ‘Join our computer course to get a high paying job.’
I. All those who join computer courses get highly paid jobs.
II. Only a computer course can get someone a high paying job.
Practice Exercise 8:
Statement: A leading mobile manufacturer has reintroduced a new model of the existing mobile with modified and peppy looks, but with the same processor leading to increase in sales.
I. A mobile processor is not as important as its looks.
II. Looks of the mobile are one of the important factors to the buyers.
Practice Exercise 9:
Statement: I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance.
I. Writer’s knowledge is very poor.
II. The world of knowledge is too vast to be explored by a single person.
Practice Exercise 10:
Statement: Private companies employees work for five days a week and nine hours every day. ABC’s employees work for six days a week and eight hours every day.
I. ABC’s employees are better than the private company’s employees.
II. ABC’s employees are more efficient than that of private companies.
Just because ABC’s employees work more does not mean that they are better or more efficient than private companies employees. So, neither of the conclusion follows. Therefore, D is the correct option.