In each of the following questions, a statement is followed by two or more courses of action. You have to take the given statement to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. Based on the information provided in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action are feasible, effective and appropriate to address the problem or improve the situation.

Practice Exercise 1:

Statement: The minister said that the teachers are still not familiarised with the need, importance and meaning of population education in the higher education system. They are not even clearly aware about their role and responsibility in the population education program.

Courses of Action:

I. The population education program should be included in the college curriculum.

II. The orientation program should be conducted for teachers on population education.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Either I or II follows

D. Neither I nor II follows

E. Both I and II follow

I. Including the population education program in the college-curriculum won’t help address the problem. So, this course of action does not follow.

II. With an orientation program, teachers can be made aware of the need, importance and meaning of population education in the higher education system. With it, they can also be made clear about their roles and responsibilities in the population education program. So, this course of action follows.

Therefore, B is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 2:

Statement: The car dealer found that there was a tremendous response to the new XYZ’s car booking with long queues of people complaining about the duration of business hours and arrangements.

Courses of Action:

I. People should make their arrangement of lunch and snacks while going for car XYZ’s booking and be ready to spend several hours.

II. The arrangement should be made for booking desk and increased business hours to serve more people in less time.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Either I or II follows

D. Neither I nor II follows

E. Both I and II follow

The first course of action does not address the actual problem. The right course of action would be to increase the business hours and make arrangements so that the waiting time for the people in the queues get decreased. The second course of action does that. Therefore, B is the correct option. 

Practice Exercise 3:

Statement: Four districts in state A have been experiencing severe drought for the last three years resulting in an exodus of people from these districts.

Courses of Action:

I. The government should immediately start food for work program in a district to put a halt to the exodus.

II. The government should make sincere efforts to provide drinking/potable water to these districts.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Either I or II follows

D. Neither I nor II follows

E. Both I and II follow

Both the courses of action are necessary to help people fight drought and consequently, put a halt to the exodus. Therefore, E is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 4:

Statement: The Kharif crops have been affected by the insects for consecutive three years in the district and the farmers harvested less than fifty percent of produce during these years.

Courses of Action:

I. The farmers should seek measures to control the attack of insects to protect their crops next year.

II. The government should increase the support price of Kharif crops considerably to protect the economic interests of farmers.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Either I or II follows

D. Neither I nor II follows

E. Both I and II follow

Clearly, both the courses of action follow. So, E is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 5:

Statement: There has been an unprecedented increase in the number of successful candidates in this year’s school leaving certificate examination.

Courses of Action:

I. The government should make arrangements to increase the number of seats of intermediate courses in existing colleges.

II. The government should take active steps to open new colleges to accommodate all these successful candidates.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Either I or II follows

D. Neither I nor II follows

E. Both I and II follow

The first course of action is logically correct. The second course of action is not feasible as it won’t be possible for the government to open new colleges in a short period to be able to accommodate these candidates. So, A is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 6:

Statement: Higher disposal costs encourage those who produce waste to look for cheaper ways to get rid of it.

Courses of Action:

I. The disposal costs should be made higher.

II. The disposal costs should be brought down.

III. A committee should be set up to study the details in this respect.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Either I or II follows

D. II and III follow

E. All follow

The disposal costs should be brought down so that the waste producers are discouraged to look for cheaper ways to get rid of the waste. Also, a committee should be set up to study the details in this respect to help know what other actions need to be taken to tackle this issue. So, the first and third courses of action follow. Therefore, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 7:

Statement: A group of school students was reported to be enjoying at a picnic spot during school hours.

Courses of Action:

I. The principal should contact the parents of those students to tell them about the incident with a real warning for the future.

II. Some disciplinary action must be taken against those students for all other students should be made aware of it.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Either I or II follows

D. Neither I nor II follows

E. Both I and II follow

The first course of action is necessary as the parents of the students should know about the incident. The second course of action is necessary so that the other students of the school don’t repeat the act. So, both the courses of action follow. Therefore, E is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 8:

Statement: As many as ten coaches of a passenger train have derailed and blocked both pairs of the railway tracks.

Courses of Action:

I. The railway authorities should immediately send men and equipment to the spot to clear railway tracks.

II. All the trains running in both the directions should be diverted to other routes.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Either I or II follows

D. Neither I nor II follows

E. Both I and II follow

Clearly, both the courses of action follow. So, E is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 9:

Statement: The institute has fixed for the investors a validity period of one year for transfer forms for some of its listed schemes.

Courses of Action:

I. The institute should consult investors before fixing the duration of the validity period.

II. The investors should be duly informed about the validity period.

III. List of schemes covered under this validity period should be communicated.

A. All follow

B. I and II follow

C. I and III follow

D. Only III follows

E. II and III follow

The first course of action is illogical as the institute has already fixed the duration of the validity period. The investors should be informed about the validity period and the list of schemes covered under this validity period. So, the second and third courses of action follow. Therefore, E is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 10:

Statement: Most of the roads in the city had become unmotorable due to the rains in the monsoon.

Courses of Action:

I. The civic authority should initiate an inquiry to find out the factors responsible for worsening the condition.

II. The civic authority should initiate an inquiry to find out the factor responsible for maintaining the good condition of the city roads.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Either I or II follows

D. Neither I nor II follows

E. Both I and II follow

Finding out the factors responsible for worsening and maintaining the good condition of the roads would help the civic authority to take required steps to resolve the problem. So, both the courses of action follow. Therefore, E is the correct option.