Introduction

In these questions, a situation or a problem is described in the statement which is followed by some courses of action that could be taken to address the problem or improve the situation. Based on the information provided in the statement, we need to decide, from the suggested courses of action, which ones are feasible and appropriate to take.

Your Turn:

In each of the following questions, a statement is followed by two or more courses of action. You have to take the given statement to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. Based on the information provided in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action are feasible, effective and appropriate to address the problem or improve the situation.

Practice Exercise 1:

Statement: School dropout rate is very high in rural areas as children support their parents in income-earning activities.

Courses of Action:

I. Public awareness program on primary education should be expanded immediately to educate parents.

II. Compensation should be given to those parents whose children are in the school.

III. Law on universal education and the ban on child labor should be made rigorous.

A. Only I and II follow

B. Only II and III follow

C. Only I and III follow

D. All follow

I. This course of action follows because an awareness programme can help parents understand the importance of primary education for their children.

II. Giving compensation to the parents whose children are in school would reduce the financial burden on them and prompt other parents to send their children to school. So, this course of action follows as well.

III. Making both the law on universal education and the ban on child labor rigorous would make parents send their children to school and refrain them from putting their children in income-earning activities.

Therefore, all three courses of action follow. So, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 2:

Statement: In a recent bulletin, the Meteorological Department of India has forecasted severe drought in the next cropping season which may cause the failure of crops.

Courses of Action:

I. The forecast should be widely published in the media.

II. The drought relief team should be ready for relief work.

III. People should be advised to go for drought-resistant variety.

A. Only I and II follow

B. Only II follows

C. Only II and III follow

D. None of the above

I. This course of action follows as it would spread awareness among the people so that they are prepared to face the problem if the forecast comes true.

II. This course of action follows as well as it would be possible to take immediate actions for the relief work effectively if the drought relief team is ready well in advance.

III. This course of action is also logical as the chances of the failure of drought-resistant variety would be considerably less.

Therefore, all the suggested courses of action follow. So, D is the correct option. 

Practice Exercise 3:

Statement: Many school buses have fit CNG kit without observing the safety guidelines properly. This results into some instances of these buses catching fire due to short circuit and endangering the lives of the school children.

Courses of Action:

I. The regional transport authority should immediately carry out the checks of all the school buses fitted with CNG kit.

II. The management of all the schools should stop hiring buses fitted with CNG kit.

III. The Govt. issue a notification banning school buses for the use of CNG kit.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Only III follows

D. I and III follow

E. None of these

The problem here is not the CNG kit fitted in the buses but the buses that have fitted CNG kit without observing the safety guidelines. Only those buses are catching fire and consequently endangering the lives of the children.

I. This course of action follows as it would help in identifying the buses that have fitted CNG kit without observing the safety guidelines.

II. This course of action does not follow.

III. This course of action does not follow as well.

Therefore, only the first course of action follows. So, A is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 4:

Statement: A large private bank has decided to retrench one-third of its employees in view of the huge losses incurred by it during the past three quarters.

Courses of Action:

I. The government should issue a notification to the general public to immediately stop all transactions with the bank.

II. The government should direct the bank to refrain from retrenching its employees.

III. The government should ask the central bank of the country to initiate an inquiry into the bank’s activities and submit its report. 

A. None follow

B. Only I follows

C. Only II follows

D. Only III follows

E. I and II follow

I. This course of action is not feasible.

II. Government can’t direct a private bank to refrain from retrenching its employees. So, this course of action does not follow as well.

III. This course of action is logical as it would help the government understand the situation and extend necessary help.

Therefore, only the third course of action follows. So, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 5:

Statement: An unacceptable number of children die during the first year of their lives. The high incidence of infant deaths is a major cause of concern for the health ministry. 

Courses of Action:

I. All government hospitals should be privatized to improve health care facilities.

II. The government should commit higher levels of budget to health services.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Both I and II follow

D. Either I or II follows

E. Neither I nor II follows

I. It is not necessary that privatization would definitely improve health facilities. So, this course of action does not follow.

II. Committing higher budgets would definitely lead to an improvement in health services. So, this course of action follows.

Therefore, only the second course of action follows. So, B is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 6:

Statement: A blast was triggered off injuring many when the night shift workers at an ordinance factory were handling ‘fox signaling explosive’.

Courses of Action:

I. The factory management should train its staff as regards to the safety aspects of handling such explosive materials.

II. The service of the supervisor incharge of the night shift should be terminated immediately.

III. The factory should immediately stop carrying out such exercises at night.

A. None follow

B. All follow

C. Only I follows

D. I and II follow

E. None of these

I. This course of action follows as training the staff as regards to the safety aspects of handling such explosive materials would prevent the occurrence of such incidents in the future.

II. This course of action also follows because the factory can’t risk the negligence on the part of the supervisor incharge to handle the explosives.

III. This course of action does not follow.

Therefore, the first and second courses of action follow. So, D is the correct option.

Practice Exercise 7: 

Statement: A major railway accident involving a mail train was averted due to the presence of mind of one signalman at a wayside cabin.

Courses of Action:

I. The railway track for at least 50 km should be cleared off any traffic ahead of all the mail trains.

II. The railway signaling systems should immediately be made automatic.

III. The signalman should be rewarded so as to encourage others.

A. None follow

B. All follow

C. II and III follow

D. I and II follow

E. None of these

I. This course of action follows.

II. Making the railway signaling system automatic would prevent any accident that might occur as a result of human error in the signaling system. So, this course of action follows as well.

III. This course of action follows as well as it would encourage other signalmen to be more attentive on their duties. 

Therefore, all the courses of action follow. So, B is the correct option.