In the questions below some statements are given and these statements are followed by some conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Syllogism Question 1:

Statements: 

All trees are plants.

Very few leaves are plants.

No leaf is a flower.

Some herbs are flowers as well as trees.

Conclusions:

I. Some leaves are plants.

II. Some herbs can never be a leaf.

III. Some trees can never be a leaf.

A. Only II follows

B. Only I and II follow

C. All follow

D. Only III follows

E. None follows

Venn Diagram Representation of the statements:

Syllogisms SE7 Question 1 Venn Diagram

Conclusions:

I. Some leaves are plants.

This conclusion follows.

II. Some herbs can never be a leaf.

The herbs which are flowers cannot be leaves. So, this conclusion follows.

III. Some trees can never be a leaf.

This is a probable conclusion. So, it does not follow.

Therefore, conclusions I and II follow. So, B is the correct option.

Syllogism Question 2:

Statements: 

Some trees are lions.

Some lions are cows.

All cows are bats.

Conclusions:

I. Some bats are trees.

II. Some cows are trees.

III. No bat is tree.

A. I and II follow

B. II and III follow

C. Only III follows.

D. Only I follows.

E. Either I or III follow

Venn diagram representation of the statements:

Syllogisms SE7 Question 2 Venn Diagram

Either conclusion I or III follows. So, E is the correct option.

Syllogism Question 3:

Statements: 

All rings are birds.

Some birds are cages.

All cages are kites.

Conclusions:

I. All kites are cages.

II. Some kites are rings.

III. Some birds are kites.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Only III follows

D. I and II follow

E. None follows

Venn diagram representation of the statements:

Syllogisms SE7 Question 3 Venn Diagram

Only conclusion III follows. So, C is the correct option.

Syllogism Example 4:

Statements: 

All pens are grasshoppers.

Some grasshoppers are clouds.

Some clouds are bottles.

Conclusions:

I. Some bottles are grasshoppers.

II. Some clouds are pens.

III. No pen is a cloud.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Only III follows

D. Either II or III follows

E. Either I or II follows

Venn diagram representation of the statements:

Either conclusion II or III follows. So, D is the correct option.

Syllogism Example 5:

Statements: 

All cats are dogs.

Some dogs are elephants.

Conclusions:

I. All elephants being cats is a possibility.

II. All elephants can never be dogs.

A. Only I follows

B. Only II follows

C. Both I and II follow

D. Neither I nor II follows

E. Either I or II follows

Venn diagram representation of the statements:Syllogisms SE7 Question 5 Venn Diagram

Only conclusion I follows. So, A is the correct option.

Syllogism Example 6:

Statements: 

Some reds are crows.

All crows are yellows.

All yellows are rabbits.

Conclusions:

I. All crows are rabbits.

II. Some yellows are reds.

III. Some reds are rabbits.

A. All follow

B. Only II follows

C. Both I and II follow

D. Either I or II follows

E. Either I or III follows

Venn diagram representation of the statements:

Syllogisms SE7 Question 6 Venn Diagram

All the conclusions follow. So, A is the correct option.

Syllogism Example 7:

Statements: 

All flowers are rooms.

Some rooms are windows.

All cards are windows.

Conclusions:

I. Some cards are flowers.

II. Some cards are rooms.

III. Some windows are flowers.

IV. All cards are rooms.

A. Only I follows

B. Only III follows

C. Only II follows

D. Only IV follows

E. None follows

Venn diagram representation of the statements:

Syllogisms SE7 Question 7 Venn Diagram

Clearly, none of the conclusions follow. So, E is the correct option.

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